Bauhaus: First Gothic Group/ School of architecture, design and art movement
Bauhaus were an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978. The group consisted of Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums), and David J (bass guitar). The band was originally Bauhaus 1919 before they dropped the numerical portion within a year of formation. With their dark and gloomy sound and image, Bauhaus are generally considered the first gothic rock group. They first broke up in 1983.
First Single in 1979: “Bela Lugosi’s Dead”
The band released three more singles, “Dark Entries”, “Terror Couple Kill Colonel” and “Telegram Sam” — originally written by glam rock pioneers T. Rex
Studio albums: In the Flat Field (1980), Mask (1981), The Sky’s Gone Out (1982), Burning from the Inside (1983), Go Away White (2008)
In 1982, Bauhaus scored their biggest hit with a cover of David Bowie’s “Ziggy Stardust”, which was recorded during a BBC session. The song reached number 15 on the British charts and earned the band an appearance on the television show Top of the Pops. Thanks to the success of the single, the album also became the band’s biggest hit, peaking at number four. That same year Bauhaus made an appearance in the horror film The Hunger, where they performed “Bela Lugosi’s Dead” during the opening credits.
Bauhaus: School of architecture and design founded in 1919 at Weimar in Germany by the architect Walter Gropius in an attempt to fuse art, design, architecture, and crafts into a unified whole.
Moved to Dessau under political pressure in 1925 (where it was housed in a building designed by Gropius), the school was closed by the Nazis in 1933.
Among the artists associated with the Bauhaus were the painters Klee and Kandinsky and the architect Mies van der Rohe.
Its ideas were subsequently incorporated into teaching programmes in Europe and the USA, where many of its teachers and students emigrated. Gropius and Marcel Breuer worked together in the USA 1937-40 and the International Style Spreads Worldwide from there. In 1972 the Bahuaus Archive was installed in new premises in Berlin.