“It is impossible to escape the impression that people commonly use false standards of measurement — that they seek power, success and wealth for themselves and admire them in others, and that they underestimate what is of true value in life.“ Freud – Civilization and Its Discontents (1929)
“Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise.” Freud
“What progress we are making. In the Middle Ages they would have burned me. Now, they are content with burning my books.” Freud (1933)
Sigmund Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and psychologist and the founder of the psychoanalytic school of psychology.
“The poets and philosophers before me discovered the unconscious; what I discovered was the scientific method by which the unconscious can be studied.“ Freud – On his seventieth birthday (1926)
In creating psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association (in which patients report their thoughts without reservation and in whichever order they spontaneously occur) and discovered transference (the process in which patients displace on to their analysts feelings derived from the sexual experiences and fantasies of their childhood), establishing its central role in the analytic process.
“Thinking is an experimental dealing with small quantities of energy, just as a general moves miniature figures over a map before setting his troops in action.” Freud – Anxiety and Instinctual Life
Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory, the Oedipus Complex.
“The two deepest thinkers on sex in the twentieth century are Sigmund Freud and D.H. Lawrence. Their reputations as radical liberators were so universally acknowledged that brooding images of Freud and Lawrence in poster form adorned the walls of students in the Sixties.” – Camille Paglia (1994), “No Law in the Arena
“The ego is not master in its own house” Freud – A Difficulty in the Path of Psycho-Analysis (1917)
His analysis of his own and his patients’ dreams as wish-fulfilments provided him with models for the clinical analysis of symptom formation and the mechanisms of repression as well as for further elaboration of his theory of the unconscious as an agency disruptive of conscious states of mind
“The interpretation of dreams is the royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind.” Freud
Freud believed that people are driven by two conflicting central desires: the life drive (libido or Eros) (survival, propagation, hunger, thirst, and sex) and the death drive. The death drive was also termed “Thanatos”, although Freud did not use that term; “Thanatos” was introduced in this context by Paul Federn. Freud hypothesized that libido is a form of mental energy with which processes, structures and object-representations are invested.
“’The great question that has never been answered, and which I have not yet been able to answer, despite my thirty years of research into the feminine soul, is “What does a woman want?” – Sigmund Freud: Life and Work (Hogarth Press, 1953)
“Religion is an attempt to get control over the sensory world, in which we are placed, by means of the wish-world, which we have developed inside us as a result of biological and psychological necessities.” Freud – A Philosophy of Life
“The two most original and creative figures in modern psychiatry, Freud and Jung were both proscribed by the Nazis … for both, though holding widely divergent views, upheld the value of the individual personality.” – Anthony Storr, in The Integrated Personality (1960)
In 1930, Freud was awarded the Goethe Prize in recognition of his contributions to psychology and to German literary culture. In January 1933, the Nazis took control of Germany, and Freud’s books were prominent among those they burned and destroyed.
Freud quipped: “What progress we are making. In the Middle Ages they would have burned me. Now, they are content with burning my books.”