“Wine, Women and Song”
“O thou invisible spirit of wine, if thou hast no name to be known by, let us call thee devil”. William Shakespeare
“Wine is bottled poetry”. Robert Louis Stevenson
“It is time to get drunk! So as not to be the martyred slaves of Time, get drunk; get drunk without stopping! On wine, on poetry, or on virtue, as you wish”. Charles Baudelaire
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes or other fruits. The natural chemical balance of grapes lets them ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients. Yeast consumes the sugars in the grapes and converts them into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. The well-known variations result from the very complex interactions between the biochemical development of the fruit, reactions involved in fermentation, terroir and subsequent appellation, along with human intervention in the overall process. The final product may contain tens of thousands of chemical compounds in amounts varying from a few percent to a few parts per billion.
“Music is the wine which inspires one to new generative processes, and I am Bacchus who presses out this glorious wine for mankind and makes them spiritually drunken”. Ludwig van Beethoven
“At the end of the day, I let myself have a glass of wine”. Jane Seymour
“Beauty is worse than wine, it intoxicates both the holder and beholder”. Aldous Huxley
“A good margarita, a good red wine, I like expensive alcohol, but not a lot of it. I don’t like to throw up”. Denise Richards
“Wine is a treacherous friend who you must always be on guard for”. Christian Nestell Bovee
“Close friends contribute to our personal growth. They also contribute to our personal pleasure, making the music sound sweeter, the wine taste richer, the laughter ring louder because they are there”. Judith Viorst
“Let us celebrate the occasion with wine and sweet words”. Plautus
“Truth comes out in wine”. Pliny the Elder
“Wine makes a man more pleased with himself; I do not say it makes him more pleasing to others”. Samuel Johnson
Wines made from produce besides grapes are usually named after the product from which they are produced (for example, rice wine, pomegranate wine, apple wine and elderberry wine) and are generically called fruit wine. The term “wine” can also refer to starch-fermented or fortified beverages having higher alcohol content, such as barley wine, huangjiu, or sake.
“Men are like wine – some turn to vinegar, but the best improve with age”. Pope John XXIII
“Age appears to be best in four things; old wood best to burn, old wine to drink, old friends to trust, and old authors to read”. Francis Bacon
Old English win, from Proto-Germanic *winam (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Old High German win, Old Norse vin, Dutch wijn, German Wein), an early borrowing from Latin vinum “wine,” from PIE *win-o-, from an Italic noun related to words for “wine” in Greek (oinos), Armenian, Hittite, and non-Indo-European Georgian and West Semitic (cf. Arabic wain, Hebrew yayin), probably from a lost Mediterranean language word *win-/*woin- “wine.” Also from Latin vinum are Old Church Slavonic vino, Lithuanian vynas, Welsh gwin, Old Irish fin. Essentially the same word as vine (q.v.). Wine snob is recorded from 1951.
Wine has a rich history dating back thousands of years, with the earliest production so far discovered having occurred c. 6000 BC in Georgia. It had reached the Balkans by c. 4500 BC and was consumed and celebrated in ancient Greece and Rome.
From its earliest appearance in written records, wine has also played an important role in religion. Red wine was closely associated with blood by the ancient Egyptians, who, according to Plutarch, avoided its free consumption as late as the 7th-century BC Saite dynasty, “thinking it to be the blood of those who had once battled against the gods”.The Greek cult and mysteries of Dionysus, carried on by the Romans in their Bacchanalia, were the origins of western theater. Judaism incorporates it in the Kiddush and Christianity in its Eucharist, while alcohol consumption was forbidden in Islam.
Although excessive alcohol consumption has adverse health effects, epidemiological studies have consistently demonstrated that moderate consumption of alcohol and wine is statistically associated with a decrease in cardiovascular illness such as heart failure.
“I eat whatever I want. I like bread and cheese and wine, and that makes my life fun and enjoyable”. Gwyneth Paltrow
“Wine is constant proof that God loves us and loves to see us happy”. Benjamin Franklin